The Best Paint Brushes for Miniatures and Models – Beginner to Advanced

Best Paint Brushes for Miniatures

Brushes are kind of a big deal in painting.  

Okay, let me elaborate. When it comes to painting miniatures, you’ll want a nice selection of brushes to work with. 

They don’t have to break the bank. I have plenty of cheap brushes around that I use all the time.

This question comes up all the time in forums, Facebook, and other places that talk miniature painting. 

It’s usually phrased as “What brushes should I get?” Or, “I’m looking to get a set of brushes for miniature painting, any suggestions?” 

My answer is you should get a set of cheap brushes and one nice brush. 

If you’re looking for The Best Paint Brush for Miniatures as in, what’s the SINGLE BEST ONE I can get… best value for the money… If I could only use one brush for everything ever and can’t have anymore…..  just one… my answer is the Raphael 8404 size 2.

If like most people, you’re really looking at what you need as a range for getting started, I’ll explain more.

If you need tips on other miniature painting tools and techniques, you’ll find all of that here (a treasure trove of more than 50 miniature-related articles).

For anyone just starting out with miniature painting, I’ve been there and know how easy it can be to get confused and overwhelmed by all the product choices and different techniques.

To save yourself time and frustration and make sure you’re having fun while learning, grab a copy of my comprehensive book – The Miniature Painting Level Up Guide.

What does it cover? Well, everything that beginners and those who already have their feet wet need to know to get started: 

  • A complete starting guide.
  • Tips to immediately improve.
  • What tools and products are a must and which ones you can skip.
  • DIY solutions.
  • Advanced gear and techniques.
  • Where to buy miniatures – good deals, hard-to-find ones, and create-your-own options.
  • What to watch and whom you should follow.

All of that and more in one place for quick reference when you need it most. Exactly what I could’ve used back when I was just figuring everything out.

This guidebook is a must-have for anyone even remotely interested in the hobby.

Best Paint Brushes for Miniatures

For miniature painting, you’ll want to get yourself ONE SET of inexpensive synthetic brushes, AND at least ONE nice Sable brush. Then build from there.

So, a multipack of cheaper brushes and a single nice sable brush. 

This will cover you for just about any task you’ll come across in miniature painting. You can build your collection from there:

MultipackThis set of synthetics, which come in packs of 10 or so for around 10 bucks. 

These packs have all different sizes and shapes of brushes in them. A great variety and very inexpensive. The synthetic brush set below is the one I use.

PLUS, one single sable-hair brush, which run around $15 to $20 per brush.

Either the Raphael 8404, or the Rosemary and Co Series 33 are the brands of sable brushes I recommend for miniature painting.

Here’s What You Need:

My Synthetic Brushes

More About Sizes…

A quick note on sizes. For synthetics, don’t worry about it. They come in a variety of sizes and you’re well covered with the set I have up there.

For the Sable, I highly recommend getting a size 1 or size 2 brush. Anything smaller is really not needed as a starting brush. 

What you really want is something that holds a sharp point and can hold a decent amount of paint.

Be sure you’re using the right kind of paint though. Learn which paints are best here.

Very small brushes don’t hold much paint, and the paint dries very quickly. A sharp point is preferred to a very tiny brush head. 

I personally use a size 2 the most, but size 1 is a bit better for really fine detail and sharp lines. Either size is a good start!

Synthetics & Sables – Why You Want Both

Synthetic Brushes

No matter what you’re painting, you’ll always want a set of good, inexpensive, synthetic brushes. As mentioned above, I personally bought these

They definitely get the job done.

You get a range of brushes and you’re in good shape for painting, spreading out glue on a base, priming, mixing, stippling, dry brushing, and anything rough you do with a brush.

(See what I recommend for priming miniatures and what mixers and agitators are best.)

Raphael 8404 or the Rosemary and Co Series 33 in size 1 or 2

These are the brushes that will really make a difference in your painting. They hold paint well in the belly, are capable of fine lines, hold a point, have nice “snap” to the bristles. 

A really good investment! I will give my take on both:

Raphael 8404:  Size 1 and 2. My Raphael 8404 size 2 gets a LOT of work! It’s a fantastic brush and I can’t recommend it enough. 

A lot of people recommend Winsor Newton Series 7 sable brushes, and in my experience, these 8404s are much, much better.

I don’t know if it’s quality control by Winsor Newton or what, but Raphael’s are great and my Winsors have not held up well. 

I have multiple brushes from each brand, and I’m very confidently recommending the Raphael 8404 here.

Rosemary and Co Series 33:  Again size 1 or 2 is where I’d start, and if it were down to just one, I’d pick a size 2 brush.

A fantastic tool for painting. Long thin bristles, sharp point, great feel, great snap and stiffness of the bristles. I love these.

The only place I know to get them is directly from the manufacturer. Great company! Again I have multiples of these in various sizes, and I use them every day.

Parts of a Paint Brush

Here’s a quick rundown of all the basic parts of a paint brush  It will help you understand what makes the nicer brushes worth the cost.

  • Bristles: The hairs of the brush, made of either natural or synthetic fibers. The bristles hold the paint and apply it to the surface you are painting. I use both natural and synthetic.
  • Belly: The belly is the thicker, middle section of the bristles. So right under the tip where it flairs out. The paint is sucked in here and flows to the tip as you paint.
  • Heel: The bottom-most part of the bristles, or the point where the bristles meet the ferrule. Try not to let the paint get down here. It will clump up and the top bristles will flair out and lose shape.
  • Toe: The top-most part of the bristles. On a round brush, the toe would be the pointed tip.
  • Ferrule: The ferrule attaches the bristles to the handle. It is most often made of metal.
  • Crimp: A deep set of indentations (or crimps) in the metal ferrule that form a firm attachment to the handle.
  • Handle: This is… well, it’s the handle. Everyone is familiar with handles. Paint brush handles are made out of wood or plastic. 

Styles of Brush Tips

Paint brushes come in a wide variety of tips. These different styles can be used to create a wide variety of different effects, textures, and details on a miniature.

  • Round: This is the go to, daily driver, workhorse brush. You’ll mostly use round brushes when painting miniatures. A round brush features a pointed tip and a wide belly. The belly carries a lot of paint and the pointed tip is great for fine details. Round brushes are very versatile and a popular brush style.
  • Flat: A flat brush features long bristles with a square end or toe. This brush style creates flat, straight, strokes. You can use it to make controlled lines, defined edges, and flat areas of color.
  • Fan: As the name implies, the bristles of a fan brush are arranged in a wide and flat fan shape. You can uses these guys for dry brushing techniques. They are most often used to blend colors but are also used to make fine marks to indicate fur, or grass, for example.
  • Filbert: A filbert brush is similar to a flat brush, but with a rounded toe. This brush can create a variety of kinds of marks and holds a lot of paint.
  • Detail: The detail brushes are the smallest of the paint brushes. They come in a variety of handle shapes and bristle lengths. Detail brushes are round, feature a very fine point, and come in a variety of bristle lengths.

Common Brush Sizes For Painting Miniatures

Artists’ brushes come in a range of sizes from 4/0 (less than 1/64”) to 24 (1 1/16”) for round brushes, and 0 (1/32”) to 24 (31/32”).

Of course, the choice of brush size is personal. However, for miniature painting, you’ll most often use brushes from the small end of the spectrum or size 00 through 3.

Many miniature and model painters use pointed, round brushes, either size 1 or 2. The bristle length ranges from 8 to 12 mm with a belly diameter of 1.5 to 2 mm.

This size and shape is small enough for detail work but also great for applying paint and blending on larger areas.

Synthetic Hair Brushes

When it comes to bristle fibers for miniature and model painting, you’ll find there are two main types that people use: synthetic and sable.

There are also die-hard fans of each. The truth is that there are good uses for both bristle types.

For example, sable brushes are not ideal for painting with enamels; the fibers can’t hold up against the paint and thinners.

Synthetic brushes can handle enamel paints and thinners, which make them a much better choice for enamel paints.

Synthetic brushes try to simulate natural fibers, like sable, hog, or squirrel. They range in texture from coarse to fine.

The pros of synthetic brushes are their lower cost and ability to withstand enamel paints and thinners.

(If you’re unsure about thinners and how to use them, no worries. Head over to this article.)

The main drawbacks are they wear out faster and are harder to clean compared with natural fiber brushes.

Kolinsky Sable Brushes

The most popular high-quality brushes for miniature and model painting are Kolinsky Sable Brushes.

People invest in good brushes because they make a huge impact on their ability to paint.

A high-quality Kolinsky brush has tension and spring that is unmatched by any other fiber. We cover Kolinsky brushes extensively in this article.

The tension and spring of the brush are what give you the fine control you need to paint details with precision.

The sable brush also has a much longer life span, the tip retains point, the fibers keep their spring and tension.

Unlike a synthetic brush, natural brushes can be cleaned and conditioned to extend their life span.

Drybrushing Miniatures

The reason to use the dry brushing technique is that it adds layers of detail, complexity, and texture to your model or miniature.

Drybrushing is what gives models realistic shadows and highlights.

Drybrushing is done by using a lighter color than the base color; for example, black with silver or gray dry brushed over the top to create the look of metal.

Dry brushing is also useful for painting terrain features like rock or brick.

Why You Should Get Good Brushes

A good quality brush will have a significant impact on the quality of your painting.

The quality of your painting directly depends on the quality of your gear. Check out My Favorite Miniature Painting Gear to see what I use and personally recommend.

You’ll want to try a few different kinds to find the spring and tension that works for your painting style.

Softer brushes work for delicate painters while brushes with more tension and spring are good for painters who are rough on brushes.

High-quality brushes should be reserved for detail painting, like fine highlights, linework, shading, controlled shadows, and glazing.

With a high-quality brush, you can really take your work to the next level.

Why You Should Also Have Cheap Brushes

To help preserve your high-quality natural brushes, you want to keep a good selection of cheap brushes.

These brushes are your workhorses. Keep them around to use for rough work, like mixing paints, dry brushing, textures, and bulk painting.

They’re also good to use for metallic paints, which contain shreds of metal that will chew up your more expensive brushes.

The Best Paint Brushes for Miniatures and Models 

Here’s my recommended progression:

  1. Starter Kits for Beginners
  2. Synthetic Brush Set
  3. High-Quality Brushes

Starter Kits for Beginners

If you are starting at nothing… no brushes, paints or anything.. choose from one of these two sets:

Reaper Miniatures 08906 Learn to Paint Kit Core...
  • Easy to follow guide for basic Miniature Painting skills with paints, brushes, and minis included.
Games Workshop Warhammer 40,000 Intercessors +...
  • The perfect way to start a collection of Primaris Ultramarines!
  • Box containing 3 plastic Easy To Build Primaris Intercessors.

They both come with brushes, paints, and miniatures. Enough to get you going but not much further.

Synthetic Brush Set

If you have a brush from the sets above or wherever else but it’s not enough, pick up some synthetics and then grab two nice brushes from the list below. A size 1 and size 2.

Recommended High-Quality Brushes for Miniature Painting:

#1:  Raphael 8404

Raphael Kolinsky Sable, Watercolor Brush, Fine...
  • Handmade with pure Kolinsky Sable
  • Features a fine point for precision and full belly for a high paint load

Raphael was the Ninja Turtle with the red mask. He also makes paint brushes. Cowabunga! Not really, but these are an excellent option for you.  

The 8404 size 2 is easily my most used brush. It’s big enough to get a lot done and has a sharp enough point to do fine details. No hesitation recommending it.

The Raphaels are a no brainer brand of Kolinsky sable brush for miniature painting. Widely used, high quality, and I dig the orange on the bottom of the handles! 

They are a HUGE improvements from the cheap brushes.  

#2:  Rosemary and Co Series 33

I first learned of these through Sorastros Youtube channel. He has a great series on how to paint various things, and he uses these brushes. 

I went ahead and got them. They’re phenomenal. Long, thin, sharp. I love that they hold paint well and are perfect for running the edge of the brush on a corner. 

They are UK based and only available from the website as far as I know!

#3  Citadel Brushes

Citadel - 1 x S Layer Brush - 63-21
  • Citadel - 1 x S Layer Brush
  • This small brush (S Layer) - perfect for layering - is hand made, with pure sable bristles in a fine...

Here’s the thing with Citadel… they are really good and expensive. They are pricey but you end up buying their stuff because you know it’s good quality and well designed. 

They find ways to stand out… for example, in this case, the brushes are not numbered, it’s Small Medium Large. Medium Dry Brush. Small Detail Brush. Large Base Brush Etc.

But… is this essential set worth 54 bucks? I mean… yeah? If you are committed to painting and you’re into it… yes. 

They are quality brushes and you’ll get specialized brushes. You won’t have to think about it.  

If you’re testing the waters, as I mentioned in the beginning, I’d grab a Raphael and some cheap synthetics and away you go.

On My Short List

Rosemary and Co

Series 22

As I write this, I’ve ordered brushes from Series 22 and 33. I can’t report first hand, but I’m ready to love these brushes! So fingers crossed.  

Element Games

Artis Opus

I have a set of these and they are indeed very good. I have one I only use to paint eyes on miniatures hah.

That said, I do like the 8404 and Series 33 just as much, so I’m sticking with them for now, and they get all my paint time.  

Wrapping up!

Once you have the synthetic set, and a size 1, and size 2 of the nicer brushes recommended above, start to fill out your specialized brushes. Here are a few I suggest you check out:

Shading Brush: While it’s totally fine to use synthetics, a Citadel Shading Brush comes in this set.

If you don’t already have these washes, it’s definitely a great addition to your set.

Drybrush: You can use anything for this, including your synthetics. However, Citadel does have a nice set of dry brushes. I would start with the medium.

Remember that you’ll find more great info like this and so much more in The Miniature Painting Level Up Guide – the most comprehensive resource out there!

From there the sky is the limit! Have fun painting your miniatures!!

Don’t miss out on all my other articles on miniatures – everything from finding them to stripping off painting mistakes, plus everything in between – you’ll find them all right here.

Last update on 2021-07-30 at 19:48 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API